INSECT & RODENT FACTS
Cockroaches have been known to eat soap, glue, grease, wallpaper, leather, book bindings, and hair. They can, however, survive up to 6 weeks without food. They are thigmotropic, meaning they like to be in contact with something on the top and bottom of their bodies. This is why they prefer cracks and crevices, and squeeze into hard to find spaces. A German cockroach can fit into a space as thin as a dime. Cockroaches are fast! When all six legs are in motion they can sprint at a speed of 80 centimeters per second. They can also turn on a dime in full stride. A female German cockroach and her offspring can produce 30,000 individuals in one year!
Ants are capable of carrying objects 50 times their own body weight. Relative to their size, their muscles are thicker than those of larger animals or even humans. During an attack, fire ants will first bite the victim to get a firm hold, then with their abdomen they will inject alkaloid venom known as piperidine. The sting itself, feels similar to being burned by fire, thus the name fire ant. Argentine ants are a common household pest. They often enter structures in search of food or water. This breed of ant has many reproductive queens, so eliminating a single queen does not stop the colonies ability to breed.
The housefly is dangerous because it carries bacteria and protozoans that cause many serious diseases such as: typhoid fever, cholera, and dysentery. Each female lays 100-200 eggs weekly, typically in garbage cans, in which the larvae feed. In favorable temperatures, such as South Carolina springs and summers, one generation or more per month may be produced. This can total up to 5,000 flies per week!
The Norway rat, also known as the brown, wharf, sewer rat is the most known and common of rats. One of the largest rodents, it is brown or gray with a body up to twenty inches long including its tail. Females weigh 9 ounces and males, an average of 12 ounces. Norway rats live on all continents except Antarctica and is the most dominant rat in North America and Europe. It is the most prolific mammal on the planet after humans. They live wherever humans live and can enter a structure through a crack as small as half an inch. Norway rats carry many diseases, including Weils disease, viral hemorrhagic fever, Q fever and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.
The house mouse is the world's leading rodent pest. it is adaptable to nearly any environment. Mice are primarily nocturnal animals and have a poor eyesight but a keen sense of hearing and rely especially on their sense of smell to locate food. Mice often are to blame for diseases through their parasites and feces. In North America, breathing dust that has come in contact with mouse excrement has been linked to hantavirus, which may lead to hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), which can be fatal. The female house mouse produces litters of five to seven young, called pups, following a gestation period of only twenty days. If a female house mouse lives for a year, she may produce eight to ten litters. That is fifty four mice!